Jute a versatile, eco-friendly, recyclable and economical fiber. Jute is also often blended with other fabrics like cotton that are ideal for clothing, accessories and home furnishing. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers, and second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses. Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the “skin”) along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute.
The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1–4 meters (3–13 feet) long. Jute is also called the “golden fiber” for its color and high cash value. Jute was used in traditional textile machinery as fibers having cellulose (vegetable fiber content) and lignin (wood fiber content). But, the major breakthrough came when the automobile, pulp and paper, and the furniture and bedding industries started to use jute and its allied fibers with their non-woven and composite technology to manufacture nonwovens, technical textiles, and composites.
Therefore, jute has changed its textile fiber outlook and steadily heading towards its newer identity, i.e., wood fiber. As a textile fiber, jute has reached its peak from where there is no hope of progress, but as a wood fiber jute has many promising features. Jute is shiny, soft vegetable fiber and it can be spun into long threads.
These fibers are distinctive and have unique interesting characters which make the natural fiber unique. These are less expensive as compared to other fibres. The jute fibre is best suited for floral beddings, striped curtains or pillows and gives a classy and stylish look. Jute provides best natural fiber which is quite absorbent.
These fibers are distinctive and have unique interesting characters which make the natural fiber carpet unique. These are less expensive as compared to other rugs which are of same size. The jute rugs are available in different styles, patterns with various geometric shapes. Best suited for floral beddings, striped curtains or pillows and gives a classy and stylish look. Jute provides best natural fiber which is quite absorbent.