High time for Hemp
Hemp is one of the most eco-friendly fibers for our environment. The stem and stalk of the cannabis plant have various values. In fact, the entire hemp plant is useful to us. Hemp requires very little water compared to the other fabric plants. It needs no pesticides and chemical fertilizers which makes it the best option to choose to keep the point of sustainability in mind. Hemp had been in controversy because it is from the family of marijuana. However, the use of hemp has been read and brought to the mainstream in the current times. A lot of people are associated with its cultivation and production of hemp fibers and have been able to make their mark in the market! However, while marijuana contains 20 percent tetrahydrocannabinol content (THC) which causes the high when smoked, industrial hemp only contains 1 percent THC. This fiber has some incredible properties: it conducts heat, dyes well, resists mildew, blocks ultraviolet light, and has natural anti-bacterial properties. The best part about hemp is its attributes. Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce their door panels for better safety standards. There’s even an urban legend that claims the first pair of Levis jeans were made from hemp!
Hemp is not only a plant but also but has magical properties. The fiber produced from it naturally is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, breathable, sustainable, and organic. However, the list is long but these are noteworthy. Hemp is gradually getting its place in the market in the areas like fashion, upholstery, home furnishing, and home décor. Hemp has a lot of resemblances with linen. The most noteworthy out of all is its dense and rigid texture which does get softer over time and wash. Hemp grows thrice as fast as cotton and only needs one-third of the water than cotton. Because of no use of fertilizers in the cultivation of hemp the soil doesn’t lose its nutrients and hence one plot can yield much more crops.
Hemp fiber is easy to maintain and requires minimal attention just like linen. There is no need to use any chlorine bleaches for tough stains; instead, oxygen bleach or hydrogen peroxide can do the work. Hemp fabric doesn’t need dry cleaning, it can dry under the sun, and that works perfectly. Hemp is super absorbent and absorbs and retains dye even after a wash, so colors don’t run off the fabric but keep its fro long. So there can’t be complaints of it being only natural color. Dye it as you like it! Though it is not as vibrant as synthetic dyeing, dyeing naturally and in earth tones does the magic. It does wrinkle, however, ironing the clothes can remove creasing while it’s still slightly damp or one can dampen it with water in case one needs to iron the dry fabric.
Hemp fabric is sustainable, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, breathable, anti-allergic, pure, and organic and almost everything can be made with it. Hemp is a weed, so it grows inexhaustibly with little water and requires no fertilizers or pesticides. Hemp uses about 5% the amount of water than any other fiber plant. Hemp can be grown in almost all soil conditions, and unlike cotton (which diminishes the nutrients of the soil) hemp’s deep-reaching roots preserve the soil. Hemp grows thickly leaving no room for weeds which means little or no use of pesticides. Additionally, hemp grows extremely fast, only needing 120-days to be ready for harvest.
Hemp is a high-yield profitable crop that flourishes in areas with temperate climates. It can be grown on a range of soils but tends to grow well on land that would yield corn. The soil needs to be well-drained, rich in nitrogen, and non-acidic. It is an annual herbaceous plant of the species Cannabis Sativa, meaning ‘useful hemp’ Hemp requires limited pesticides as it grows quickly, attracting few pests. Hemp grows successfully at a density of up to 150 plants per square meter and reaches a height of two to five meters in a three-month growing season. Hemp can retain its shape for a longer period and becomes softer after each wear and wash. Hemp is a more premium fabric because of these natures; organic, eco-friendly, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, UV protection, and absolutely natural!