The jute folder is one of the most affordable natural fibers and second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses. Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the “skin”) along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute. The fibers are off-white to brown and 1–4 meters (3–13 feet) long. Jute is also called the “golden fiber” for its color and high cash value.
Jute was used in traditional textile machinery as fibers having cellulose (vegetable fiber content) and lignin (wood fiber content). But, the major breakthrough came when the automobile, pulp and paper, and the furniture and bedding industries started to use jute and its allied fibers with their nonwoven and composite technology to manufacture nonwoven, technical textiles, and composites. Therefore, jute has changed its textile fiber outlook and steadily heading towards its newer identity, i.e., wood fiber. As a textile fiber, jute has reached its peak from where there is no hope of progress, but as wood fiber, jute has many promising features.
Every year, around 500 billion (500,000,000,000) plastic bags are used worldwide. So many that over one million bags are being every minute, and they’re damaging our environment. As poly bags are made from petroleum and are non-biodegradable, and manufacturing paper bags requires large quantities of wood, it is advisable to use jute and cloth bags, which are made from renewable natural fibers.
Benefits of using jute and cloth bags
- Environmentally friendly.
- It does not require maintenance.
- 100% bio-degradable and recyclable
- Cost-effective and cheaper than plastic and paper bags.
- Strong and can carry more weight as compared to promotional carry bags.
- Durable and long-lasting, not easy to tear like Plastic and Paper bags do.
Jute has good insulating and antistatic properties, low thermal conductivity, and moderate moisture regain.